1. Description of
Hydraulic cylinder is a mechanical actuator that is used to give a unidirectional force through a unidirectional stroke. It has many applications, notably in construction equipment , manufacturing machinery, and civil engineering.
Hydraulic cylinders get their power from pressurized hydraulic fluid, which is typically oil. The hydraulic cylinder consists of a cylinder barrel, in which a piston connected to a piston rod moves back and forth. The barrel is closed on one end by the cylinder bottom and the other end by the cylinder head where the piston rod comes out of the cylinder. The piston has sliding rings and seals. The piston divides the inside of the cylinder into two chambers, the bottom chamber and the piston rod side chamber. Flanges, trunnions, clevises, and lugs are common cylinder mounting options. The piston rod also has mounting attachments to connect the cylinder to the object or machine component that it is pushing or pulling.
2. Main Parts of Hydraulic Cylinder
(1) Cylinder barrel
The main function of the cylinder body is to hold cylinder pressure. The cylinder barrel is mostly made from a seamless tube. The cylinder barrel is ground and honed internally with a typical surface finish of 4 to 16 microinch. The piston reciprocates in the cylinder.
(2) Cylinder head
The main function of the head is to enclose the pressure chamber from the other end. The head contains an integrated rod sealing arrangement or the option to accept a seal gland. The head is connected to the body by means of threading, bolts, or tie rod. A static seal is used in between head and barrel.
(3) Cylinder base or cap
The main function of the cap is to enclose the pressure chamber at one end. The cap is connected to the body by means of welding, threading, bolts, or tie rod. Caps also perform as cylinder mounting components. Cap size is determined based on the bending stress. A static seal is used in between cap and barrel (except welded construction).
The main function of the piston is to separate the pressure zones inside the barrel. The piston is machined with grooves to fit elastomeric or metal seals and bearing elements. These seals can be single acting or double acting. The difference in pressure between the two sides of the piston causes the cylinder to extend and retract. The piston is attached with the piston rod by means of threads, bolts, or nuts to transfer the linear motion.
3. Hydraulic Cylinder Specification
The technical parameter is optional, we can accommodate your requirements, please don’t hesitate to contact us!
Bore Dia. (In.): 2-1/2
Stroke (In.): 16
Rod Dia. (In.): 1-3/8
Retract (In.): 24
Port Size (NPT): 3/8"
Max. Pressure (PSI): 2500
Piston Material: Ductile Iron
Piston Rod: Polished Chrome
Ring Material: Cast Iron
Tubes: Heavy-wall Honed Steel
Rod Seal: Urethane U-cup
Piston Seal: Cast Iron
Pin Dia.: 3/4"